Best Answer: The City of Los Angeles, or L.A. means “The City of Angels.” In 1769 an expedition across Southern California found a litte river and named it “El Río de Nuestra Señora la Reina de los Ángeles de Porciúncula,” “The River of Our Lady the Queen of the Angels of the Porciuncula,” with porciúncula meaning “little portion.”
On September 4, 1781, 44 Mexican settlers established a town near this river site. They named this new town El Pueblo de Nuestra Señora la Reina de los Ángeles sobre El Río Porciuncula, (“The Town of Our Lady the Queen of the Angels on the River Porciuncula”). Of course, this was a very long name, so over time, the name was shortened to what it is today, Los Angeles.
The Pobladores (“townspeople”) of Los Angeles refers to the 44 original settlers and 4 soldiers who founded the city of Los Angeles, California in 1781.
When the Governor of Las Californias, Felipe de Neve, was assigned to establish secular settlements in what is now the state of California (after more than a decade of missionary work among the natives), he commissioned a complete set of maps and plans (the Reglamento para el gobierno de la Provincia de Californias and the Instrucción) to be drawn up for the design and colonization of the new pueblo.Finding the individuals to actually do the work of building and living in the city proved to be a more daunting task. Neve finally located the new and willing dwellers in Sonora and Sinaloa, Mexico. But gathering the pobladores was a little more difficult. The original party of the new townsfolk consisted of eleven families, that is 11 men, 11 women, and 22 children of various Spanish castas (castes).
The castas of the 22 adult pobladores, according to the 1781 census, were: