There are four types of legislation: bills, joint resolutions, concurrent resolutions, and simple resolutions.
Bills: The principal vehicle employed by lawmakers for introducing their proposals (enacting or repealing laws, for example) in the Senate. Bills are designated S. 1, S. 2, and so on depending on the order in which they are introduced. They address either matters of general interest (“public bills”) or narrow interest (“private bills”).
Joint Resolution: Designated “S. J. Res.” and numbered consecutively upon introduction, with one exception it requires the approval of both chambers and is submitted (just as a bill) to the president for possible signature into law. The one exception is that joint resolutions are used to propose constitutional amendments. These resolutions require a two-thirds affirmative vote in each house but are not submitted to the president; they become effective when ratified by three-quarters of the States.
Concurrent Resolution: Designated “S. Con. Res.” and numbered consecutively upon introduction is generally employed to address the sentiments of both chambers, to deal with issues or matters affecting both houses, or to create a temporary joint committee. Concurrent resolutions are not submitted to the president and thus do not have the force of law.
Simple Resolution: Designated “S. Res.,” simple resolutions are used to express nonbinding positions of the Senate or to deal with the Senate’s internal affairs, such as the creation of a special committee. They do not require action by the House of Representatives.
To coincide with the notion that says that we give strength to whatever we focus on, this resolution is presented to state that instead of focusing on the fearful, with the goal of helping them them to be less fearful, we will instead focus on the fearless, with the goal of helping them to be more fearless, with the understanding that the management of government matters will be determined by the effectiveness of the elected official’s emotional intelligence and emotional management skills that significantly shape their decision making processes, with Senator Kamala Harris representing California on the way to the U.S. Senate floor in Washington D.C. on a solid foundation of fearlessness.
An “Election Tuesday 2016” perspective to consider.